Industrial gases and their uses
Industrial gases are gaseous materials that comprise elements, molecular compounds, or mixtures produced to be used in various industries; at certain standard temperatures and pressure, they remain in their gaseous forms; these include Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, Argon, Hydrogen, Helium, and Acetylene. They are either elemental gases, chemical compounds made of either organic or inorganic matter, or mixtures of individual gases and generally have low molecular weights.
Industrial gases are used in a wide range of industries, which include oil and gas, petrochemicals, chemicals, power, welding, mining, steelmaking, metals, environmental protection, medicine, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food, water, fertilizers, nuclear power, electronics, and aerospace. Industrial gases are stored in cylinders which must be protected from industrial heat and ignition sources and isolated from combustibles. It is ideal for storing cylinders outdoors from Operating plants, furnaces, radiators, boilers, and other machinery that produce industrial heat, vegetation, and other combustible materials—smoking areas, work, and production areas that generate sparks.
Find below the different industrial gases and their application;
Argon is an unreactive, colorless, and odorless gas as a solid, liquid, or gas; chemically, it is inert under most conditions and forms no confirmed stable compounds at room temperature. Although argon is not toxic, exposure to high gas concentrations can have an asphyxiating effect. Argon gas is often used in welding and casting for specialty alloys and in manufacturing titanium, aluminum, and steel. It is also used as a shielding gas during arc welding to protect the metal from oxygen. Additionally, argon gas can reduce chromium losses in a converter, allowing the desired carbon content to be met at a lower temperature. It is used for hydrogen removal and degasification.
Acetylene is a colorless gas, and pure acetylene is odorless, but commercial grades usually have a clear odor due to impurities such as divinyl sulfide and phosphine. It is unstable in its pure form and thus is usually handled as a solution. When combined with oxygen (oxyacetylene), it ignites and becomes very hot, which is why it's the preferred choice for welding. Tikweld welding supplies and services is a trusted provider of acetylene gas for various commercial and industrial applications in Nigeria.
The Industrial uses of acetylene include its common use for welding; Acetylene is a commonly used fuel gas because it produces a high flame temperature that can reach up to 3,160°C (5,720°F). The high flame temperature helps speed up the cutting process due to the quick piercing movements. Acetylene is considered a safe fuel gas when handled properly. The flame temperature aids in speeding up the cutting process due to the quick piercing movements and is considered a safe fuel gas when handled properly. Acetylene can be used in getting some of the acrylic acid derivatives; these derivatives form products such as acrylic fibers, glasses, paints, resins, and polymers.
Nitrogen gas is an element present in Earth's atmosphere that is both colorless and odorless. It is mostly known for its use in industrial settings, where it can help prevent fires and explosions. Many food processing companies use compressed nitrogen to displace the oxygen in packaging when perishable foods are present. This helps to extend the shelf life of the food by removing oxygen and adding nitrogen.
Oxygen is an essential gas for all living organisms, animals, and plants alike. Animals breathe in oxygen and convert it to carbon dioxide while plants use carbon dioxide as a source of carbon. In turn, plants return oxygen to the atmosphere. Industrially, oxygen has many uses such as steel making, metals refining and fabrication processes, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, petroleum processing, glass and ceramic manufacture, and pulp and paper manufacture. It is also used for environmental protection in municipal and industrial effluent treatment plants and facilities.
Helium is a gas that possesses unique properties which give it a high value for many industries, like lifting, breathing, leak detection, shielding, and cooling. Its properties can often optimize performance and productivity, as well as reduce labor costs and make operations safer. Helium has many industrial uses - from manufacturing to flight - and it's utilized throughout the aerospace industry quite often. Helium is a gas that is often used in space flight operations to purge hydrogen systems and pressurize ground and flight fluid systems. It is also used as a source of lift in weather and other surveillance balloons because it is lighter than air. Helium demonstrates good thermal conductivity.
Carbon dioxide gas:
Carbon dioxide is a gas that is made up of one carbon atom and two oxygen atoms. The carbon atom is covalently double bonded to the oxygen atoms. It is found in the gas state at room temperature. Carbon dioxide is transparent to visible light, but it absorbs infrared radiation. The greenhouse effect happens when carbon dioxide absorbs infrared radiation. Carbon dioxide levels have risen from pre-industrial levels of 280 ppm to 417 ppm. The Industrial uses of Carbon dioxide are in the production of carbonated beverages; it provides the sparkle in carbonated beverages such as soda water, beer, and sparkling wine.
The best Pricing for industrial gas in Nigeria 2022
Argon Gas- NGN 70,000-75,000/6m3
Nitrogen - NGN 18,000-22,000/6m3
Oxygen - NGN 10,000-14,000/6m3
Helium - NGN 350,000- 390,000/200bars
Carbon dioxide- NGN 1500-2500/kg
Safety precautions for using Industrial Gases
Although the potential for a major leakage is minimal, it's important to consider it a potential hazard. If gases escape from the cylinder as the result of improper handling, it could result in hazards such as fire, explosion, chemical burns, poisoning, and cold burns. So, therefore, these safety measures should be observed.
1. Unload cylinders immediately after receiving them and transport them in a well-ventilated vehicle. Be sure to read the safety data sheet for each particular gas to familiarize yourself with the properties and hazards of that gas.
2. Secure the cylinders with straps and chokes while transporting cylinders to prevent them from rolling, be sure that the valve cannot be opened
3. LPG (propane) and liquefied gas cylinders should always be transported upright, and acetylene cylinders should be kept upright for at least 30 minutes before use if they need to be transported lying down.
4. It is required to receive training to get familiar with how to handle gas in an emergency and on a day-to-day basis. Please speak to a supervisor if enough training hasn't been done or a refresher is needed.
5. It's important to store cylinders upright as a proper storage method in a well-ventilated area away from heat. It keeps them in good condition. 6. Empty and full cylinders should be stored separately and rotated so that the oldest ones are used first. No flammable material should not be brought into your cylinder store.
7. If you can't identify a cylinder's contents by its label, don't rely on the cylinder color for identification. If there are missing or unreadable labels, don't use the cylinder. Be especially cautious of cylinders that look damaged, overheated, or discolored, and contact the supplier right away.
8. Wearing the necessary safety gear, which includes a hard hat, safety glasses, high visibility clothing, protective gloves, and safety shoes or boots, is key when working with or in close proximity to cylinders. Cylinders should always be stored in a safe and secure location, and signage should be installed at all storage facilities warning about safety precautions and emergency procedures.
9. Never try to catch a falling cylinder - let it fall and move out of the way. Hold onto the collar or neck of the cylinder tightly with both hands when lifting; the cylinders shouldn't be lifted by the valve handwheel or cylinder valve.
10. Use a forklift truck or cylinder trolley to move cylinders safely and efficiently.
Where to Buy Industrial Gas in Nigeria
Tikweld welding supplies and services is a distributor and supplier of industrial products and welding consumables in Nigeria Located at;
238 Aba Road First Artillery by Fidelity bank, Port Harcourt.
18 Adeshina street, Behind Holy Trinity Hospital Ikeja, Off Obafemi Awolowo Way Ikeja.
Suit 10 Olive Plaza Formerly Sebuf plaza Lekki Epe Expressway Lekki, 105102, By Osopa London. Lagos
At Abuja, Shop 016, Zitel Plaza, Plot 227 P.O.W. Mafemi Cres, Utako 900108, Abuja
Call us 24 hours at +234 8071993873 + 234 8071993874
Km 42 Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway, Opposite Coronation Power and Gas Limited, Ado-Odo/Ota, Ogun State
Contact Tell. +234 8181069339, +234 9055793557
At Ogba, 77/79 Yaya Abatan by College Road Ogba Lagos State
Contact Tell. +234 8181069339, +234 9055793557
WhatsApp: +234 9055793557 +234 8181069339
At Calabar, 30/32 Ndidem Usang Iso Road. Mariam Calabar 540242
Industrial gases are vital in meeting the needs of several industries, commercial businesses, and homes. In addition to the current needs and applications, new uses for these gases are emerging with the growth of new industries and technologies. At our company, Tikweld welding supplies and services can provide you with further details about procurement, supplies, and services for all kinds of industrial gases in Nigeria. Contact our expert
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